The Tengeru Community Development Journal (TCDJ)

TCDJ is a peer reviewed Journal, which is sponsored and published by the Tengeru Institute of Community Development (TICD) and registered by the Tanzania Library Services Board and its International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) is 1821- 9853.

The journal is published twice a year i.e. June and December.

Journal aims

The Journal aims at providing the public, academicians, researchers, consultants and practitioners with a scholarly forum for an exchange of ideas and experiences of community development. Specific objectives of the Journal are:

  • To fill the vacuum of relevant community development problems, theories and practices so as to boost a wider understanding of community development issues.
  • To publicize information and knowledge of research findings and field experiences related to community development issues.
  • To endorse knowledge and development research activities. skills through community
  • To provide a forum for discussion on issues and problems related to principles, approaches and techniques of community development.

Scope and Objectives of the Journal

The scope of TCDJ seeks to stimulate new thinking and ways of working on areas related but not limited to: community participation; community empowerment; resource mobilization and utilization; community development approaches and models; patriotism and national unit; community health and sanitation; social inclusion in poverty and growth process; urban-rural divide and change; rural-urban transformation; national development policy and legislative frameworks; governance and democratization issues; gender; HIV/AIDS; environment; natural resources; food security; climate change; social protection/child protection.

Submission of manuscript(s)

Submitted manuscripts will be assessed from editorial point of view, at first, and if found appropriate for publication, it will enter the peer-review process. To ensure unbiased review, referees will receive the blinded version of the manuscript. The corresponding author will then be informed of the evaluation along with the Editorial remarks. Authors of accepted articles will be asked to work on remarks and re-sent the manuscript to editorial team to finalize publication. Submit manuscripts as e-mail attachment to the Editor in Chief at A manuscript number will be mailed to the corresponding author as soon as possible after receipt of the manuscript.

Editor in Chief
Tengeru Community Development Journal
P.O. Box1006, Tengeru
PHONE: +255 736210917 ext. 106
FAX +255 73260849


TCDJ Editorial Board


Solomon S. Mhango (Editor -in- Chief)

Ebenezer A. Lawuo (Associate Editor)

Tengeru Institute of Community Development (TICD), Tanzania

Tengeru Institute of Community Development (TICD), Tanzania

Editorial Board Members

Prof. Innocent J. E. Zilihona

Prof. Wakuru Maseka Magigi,

Prof. Baltazar Mlagara Lyamongo Namwata,

Dr. Rob Kevlihan,

Dr. Emanuel Emilian Chingonikaya,

Dr. Christian Tobias Malamsha Kitala,

Dr. John Nshimba Jeckoniah,

Verhan Athumani Bakari

Institute of Rural Development Planning (IRDP), Tanzania

Moshi Cooperative University (MoCU), Tanzania

Institute of Rural Development Planning (IRDP), Tanzania

Kimmage Development Studies Centre, Dublin, Ireland

Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA), Tanzania

Moshi Cooperative University (MoCU), Tanzania

Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA), Tanzania

Tengeru Institute of Community Development (TICD), Tanzania

Type of papers we publish

TCDJ review and publishes three (3) types of scientific articles:

1. Research

Major scientific discoveries and original research articles which address important theoretical issues and make a significant contribution to community development.

2. Theoretical

Comparing and contrasting specific theories or the presentation of new theories related to community development.

3. Reviews

explanatory overviews and discussions of historical and recent discoveries or theoretical developments within the field of community development.

1.1 Scope

All manuscripts should focus on the scope of the Journal.

1.2 Instructions to authors

1.2.1 Originality of work

The manuscript should be own original work and neither previously published nor being in the process of being published by another publisher

1.2.2 Submission

The TCDJ administration encourages electronic submissions in any standard editable formats including Ms Word.

The acknowledgement receipt note will be sent to the corresponding author to confirm that his /her manuscript has been received by TCDJ authorities

Manuscript will be encouraged to be submitted through: – specified official email address, postal address and provision of enquiry line for further information in the editor-in-chief‘s office.

The manuscripts should not exceed 12 pages including abstract, tables, figures, references, and appendices. Illustrations such as tables, figures should not exceed a total of ten (10).

1.2.3 Reviewing process

  • Each paper will be reviewed by the editor and he /she has the responsibility for deciding ,based on officially laid down criteria ,whether the paper is to be accepted ,rejected or referred back to the author for amendments .The author will be informed about the decision made and reached by the editorial Board.
  • Authors are advised to observe deadlines set upon incorporation of comments. For Major changes, a work shall be returned to the editor in chief after two (2) weeks and for minor changes, a work shall be returned after one week from the date the work is sent to the author.
  • There shall be no submission fees during initial /beginning stages of this journal to encourage many authors(this will serve as a stimulus for promoting the Journal)
  • For the purpose of safeguarding authors’ rights ,the copy right of the material published is vested in the TCD journal

1.3 Authors’ guidelines

1.3.1 Language

British English is the official medium of communication in all manuscripts/articles

1.4 Manuscript structure

1.4.1 Title page

Should be brief and focused on the content of the paper containing authors’ full names & affiliations with indicated phone numbers, email address, postal address – all in bold form, except for authors ‘s names

1.4.2 Abstract

should be both Informative and brief not exceeding 250 words in one paragraph (max. length).

1.4.3 Key words

Should not exceed five (5) key words which clearly explain the manuscript‘s theme & purpose

1.4.4 Main

Text-Shall constitute introduction, methodology, discussions, conclusions and recommendations.

1.4.5 Acknowledgement

Findings and The authors’ manuscript submitted for review and publishing should constitute an acknowledgement of the people who contributed to the work, funding agencies in brief etc.

1.4.6 References

The TCD journal operates Harvard referencing style and all manuscripts are required to be formatted in this style accordingly: Books: Author, Initials., Year. Title of book. Edition. Place: Publisher. Redman, P., 2006. Good essay writing: a social sciences guide. 3rd ed. London: Open University in assoc. with Sage. Journal articles: Author, Initials., Year. Title of article. Full Title of Journal, Volume number (Issue/Part number), page numbers. Boughton, J.M., 2002. The Bretton Woods proposal: an in depth looks. Political Science Quarterly, 42 (6), p.564-78.

1.4.7 Tables

All tables whose size exceed one page should appear on a separate page, single–spaced, numbered in Arabic, headings and footnotes – all formatted in Ms Word

1.4.8 Figures

All figures whose size exceed one page should appear on a separate sheet, numbered in numerical order, high resolution graphics such as JPEG

1.4.9 Appendices

Include appendices only if they provide essential information not possible within the body of the article

1.3.2 Format

Manuscript(s) should be formatted & printed in A4 size ,font 12”,single- spaced, times new Roman, paragraph not numbered; a maximum of three level headings is required

1.3.3 Pagination

Should be in Roman & Arabic numerically formatted to appear at the centre of the page